Portugal is a country rich of tradition and history and the one with the oldest national boundaries in Europe. Founded in the 12th century, Portuguese power reached its height between the 15th and the 16th centuries when Vasco da Gama made the first voyage to India and Pedro Alvares Cabral reached Brazil. The Portuguese occupied Goa, India, in 1510, Malacca (Malaysia) in 1511, and the Moluccas (Indonesia) in 1512-14. During the same period they opened up trade with China and established relations with other countries.
     Total area: 92,080 sq km; Coastline: 1,793 km; Climate: maritime temperate; Terrain: mountainous north of the Tagus, rolling plains in the south; Population: 10 million;
Language: Portuguese.

Planning a trip or simply wanting to know more? Check the Tourism Office.